Researchers at CERN’s European research center have been able to generate a bundle of hydrogen atoms beyond the magnetic trap for the first time in history, NBC News reports. An amazing discovery is intended to help answer fundamental questions about the universe.
In 2012, CERN researchers announced that they were able to make the first antimatter spectroscopic measurements that were captured in a magnetic trap. Now another group of researchers from the ASACUSA project has announced that their built device has produced a beam that can be accurately measured beyond the magnetic trap.
Researchers behind the breakthrough have published their findings Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications. Experience will help explain why we see much more matter than antimatter in the Universe, even though it should be after the Big Bang theoretically evenly.
“Generating hydrogen-free anti-cargo and off-the-cuff traps was a great challenge,” said ASACUS team leader Dr. Yasunori Yamazaki. “Our results are very promising for precise studies of hydrographic atoms, especially their superfluous structures.
Antimatter is a particle that resembles the known “bricks” that make up the world. However, they differ from, for example, the electric charge. Each particle of matter corresponds to a similarly identical antimatter charge of the same value, but the opposite sign. That is, an electron is a particle of negative matter of an electric charge and a positron (also called a positron) is a corresponding charge antimatter molecule. It is similar to an antiproton that has mass and other proton properties, but in contrast to it has a negative electrical charge.
In nature, antimatter occurs sometimes as a result of the decay of an atomic nucleus or in collisions of cosmic rays with the atmosphere.
Antimatter has yet another property, particularly interesting for film and literary creators. When an antimatter particle encounters its “normal” counterpart, both particles “annihilate”. Annihilation means that the particles literally cease to exist, and in their place there is pure energy.
For this reason, antimatter seems to be an extremely effective explosive material, because such an effect can not be induced by any reaction of molecular or even nuclear chemistry. For now, however, the generation of antimatter capable of producing a visible explosion exceeds that of humanity’s technology.Tweet